• Leni Tiwiyanti Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
  • Yuli Sofiani Zaimar Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
  • Yosi M Passandaran Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
Keywords: Song lyric;, anti-racism;, meaning;, critical discourse analysis


Songs are typically composed for certain goals, messages, and audiences, and occasionally they are produced with particular listeners in mind. Common subjects in song lyrics include societal and current issues and challenges, with which the artist tries to communicate through manifestations of his or her beliefs, feelings, and ideologies. Therefore, language research to song lyrics is indeed very interesting to do, because it examines meaning. This research is interested in researching a song lyric entitled Toi Moi by Kids United. The researchers are interested in examining the anti-racism contained in it. The method in this research is qualitative and descriptive. This research uses van Dijk's critical discourse analysis theory, with elements of macro structure, super structure and micro structure. After that, the researchers would like to see the representation in this song. After deeper analysis, researchers found different meanings The result of the research is that not everything that is stated in a text will be the same as what is implied. Indeed, when we analyze macro structure, we interpreted, this song talks about a unity about two person or lovers. However, after researching deeper, by analyzing superstructure and micro structure the researchers found that the deeper meaning behind this song lyric is about racism and not about love story between two lovers. So, discourse analysis can be applied to analyze the deep meaning in a text. 


Download data is not yet available.


Alek, A., Marzuki, A. G., Hidayat, D. N., & Sari, E. N. A. (2020). A Critical Discourse Analysis of song “Look What You Made Me Do” by Taylor Swift. Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra, 4(2), 154-161.
Arif, M., & Triyono, S. (2018). What lies beneath baby shark song?: a critical analysis on Korean society. PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 7(1), 44-52.
Arifin, A. (2022). REPRESENTASI RASISME DALAM FILM “GREEN BOOK” KARYA PETER FARRELLY (Analisis Wacana Kritis Model Van Dijk) (Doctoral dissertation, UPN" Veteran" Yogyakarta).
Endraswara, S. (2013). Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: CAPS. Center for Academic Publishing Service, 2(2).
Ghassani, A., & Nugroho, C. (2019). The Meaning of Racism in Film (Analysis of Get Out Film Receptions). Maranatha Journal of Management, 18(2), 127–134.
Hornby. Albert Sydney (2005). Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current. English, Seventh Edition, (New York: Oxford University Press),Mulyana Deddy. 2005. Ilmu Komunikasi Suatu Pengantar. Bandung: PT Remaja. Rosdakarya.
Nurgiyantoro.(2009). Penilaian Pengajaran Bahasa.Yogyakarta:BPFE.
Salam, M. A. (2016). Etnosentrisme Rasial Orang Kulit Putih Terhadap Kulit Hitam Dalam Film. Ilmu Komunikasi.
Van Dijk, T. A. (2015). Critical Discourse Analysis. “In the Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Edited by Deborah Tannen, Heidi E. Hamilton and Deborah Schiriffin, second Edi, 466-85. Jhon Wiley & Soons Inc.
Van Dijk. T. A. (2019). Society and Discourse, How Social Contexts Influence Text and Talk. In T. A. Dijk, Teun A. van Dijk (pp. 201-204). Cambridge University Press.

Yule, George (2010). The Study of Language. New York: Cambridge University.
How to Cite
Tiwiyanti, L., Zaimar, Y., & Passandaran, Y. (2023). ANTI-RACISM DISCOURSE IN TOI MOI SONG. Journal of English Language Teaching and Literature (JELTL), 6(2), 145-158.